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J9九游会AG

简单讲述泥塑的制作工艺

2019-05-15 15:50 分享

  泥塑(su)的(de)(de)基本用(yong)(yong)(yong)料——泥土需精心准(zhun)备,一(yi)般(ban)选用(yong)(yong)(yong)带些(xie)粘性又细腻的(de)(de)土,经过捶打、摔、揉,有(you)(you)时(shi)还(hai)要在(zai)(zai)泥土里(li)加些(xie)棉絮、纸、蜂蜜等。泥塑(su)的(de)(de)模(mo)(mo)制一(yi)般(ban)分为四步:制子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)儿(er)、翻模(mo)(mo)、脱胎(tai)(tai)、着色(se)。制子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)儿(er)就(jiu)是制出原型,找一(yi)块和好(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)泥,运(yun)用(yong)(yong)(yong)雕、塑(su)、捏(nie)等手法(fa),塑(su)造好(hao)(hao)一(yi)个形象,经过修改(gai)、磨(mo)光(guang)、晾(liang)干后即(ji)可,有(you)(you)些(xie)地(di)方还(hai)要用(yong)(yong)(yong)火烧一(yi)下(xia),加强强度。翻模(mo)(mo)就(jiu)是把泥土压(ya)(ya)在(zai)(zai)原形上印(yin)成模(mo)(mo)子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi),常见(jian)有(you)(you)单(dan)片(pian)(pian)模(mo)(mo)和双(shuang)片(pian)(pian)模(mo)(mo),也有(you)(you)多(duo)片(pian)(pian)模(mo)(mo)。脱胎(tai)(tai)就(jiu)是用(yong)(yong)(yong)模(mo)(mo)子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)印(yin)压(ya)(ya)泥人(ren)坯(pi)胎(tai)(tai),通常是先把和好(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)泥擀成片(pian)(pian)状(zhuang),然后压(ya)(ya)进(jin)模(mo)(mo)子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi),再把两片(pian)(pian)压(ya)(ya)好(hao)(hao)泥的(de)(de)模(mo)(mo)子(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)合拢压(ya)(ya)紧,再安一(yi)个“底(di)”,即(ji)在(zai)(zai)泥人(ren)下(xia)部粘上一(yi)片(pian)(pian)泥,使(shi)泥人(ren)中空外严,在(zai)(zai)胎(tai)(tai)体(ti)上留一(yi)个孔,使(shi)胎(tai)(tai)体(ti)内外空气流通,以免胎(tai)(tai)内空气压(ya)(ya)力变化(hua)破坏(huai)泥胎(tai)(tai)。最后一(yi)道工(gong)序是着色(se),素有(you)(you)“三分塑(su),七分彩(cai)”之说。一(yi)般(ban)着色(se)之前先上一(yi)层(ceng)底(di)色(se),以保持表面(mian)光(guang)洁,便于吸收彩(cai)绘颜色(se),彩(cai)绘的(de)(de)颜料多(duo)用(yong)(yong)(yong)品色(se),调以水胶,以加强颜色(se)附着力。


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